The most striking reason for India being a laggard is its outdated education system.I am writing this exclusively based on my observations and experiences. The curriculum or the syllabus of our country in higher education (mainly engineering) is outdated in most cases including NITs and IITs. It is stale, dogmatic and deals with technologies that the world has moved on with. Plus in most engineering colleges of India including the IITs, one is forced to study chemistry, physics even if the person has no interest in these subjects. To infuse dynamism, the curriculum needs to be progressive in nature. Students need to be given the option of opting multiple courses and allowed to choose what they want from the first semester itself. The spirit of curriculum should be totally projects driven and not exams driven. It should be innovation based and should not stay stagnant.
Being a student of Computer Science & Engineering, NIT Silchar, I have observed that the institute still deals with C programming language in all semesters. This statement doesn’t mean that I am underestimating the usage of the C programming language at the industrial level. But at the same time, one can’t deny the fact that the world expects a wide variety of technological knowledge from us, holding the responsibility of future harbingers of the country. Many institutions like IIIT Delhi have included Intoduction to Programming with Python, data structures and algorithms with Java, Shell Scripting, Latex, Programming with R etc in their syllabus to attain greater heights in the field of technology while we are still dealing with C only.
A vastly outdated syllabus coupled with the minimum attendance criteria is the perfect cocktail for a less than stimulating atmosphere within the average classroom, and there is an urgent need to focus on an outcome based learning process, rather than merely focus on scoring high grades. The course curriculum no longer meets the needs of the industry. So, it should be updated and made relevant to be competent enough for rapidly changing technologies.
For obtaining the goal, we also need professors who inspire and encourage students to think out of the box for every problem they face, be it a bookish problem or real life one.
~ Latest technological developments in every field should be included in corresponding streams.
~ Students should be encouraged to opt for multiple courses within their fields of interest.
~ Companies should be sought out for regular interaction with the students.
~ Alumni networks need to be very well intertwined with the institute affairs.